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Journal Club

EBRS Introduction

What is Evidence Based Reviews in Surgery? (EBRS)

Evidence Based Reviews in Surgery is joint program of the Canadian Association of General Surgeons and the American College of Surgeons (ACS).

EBRS was developed to teach critical appraisal skills to practicing surgeons and trainees in order that they may critically evaluate the literature and practice Evidence Based Surgery.  This requires  some knowledge of study designs, statistics, outcome assessment (such as quality of life), meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost effectiveness analysis in order to evaluate articles on treatment effectiveness, causation and risk factors, prognosis, diagnostic tests and practice guidelines. These are some of the methodological topics covered in EBRS.  At the conclusion of the EBRS program, learners will possess the knowledge and skills to critically appraise the surgical literature.

Critical appraisal skills are taught in the context of evaluating articles, which are of clinical relevance to general and colorectal surgeons. Each academic year (beginning in October and continuing to May of the following year), 8 clinical articles from the general surgical literature are presented. As well 4 clinical articles pertent to the practice of colrectal surgery.The articles are also chosen because they highlight a methodological issue. Each package consists of a clinical and methodological article. Participants are asked to critically appraise the clinical article using the methodological article as a guide.  Methodological and clinical reviews by experts are provided to participants.

What are the benefits of EBRS?

There are several reasons to participate in EBRS:

  • Medical knowledge and technology are changing rapidly. Surgeons must be able to access and evaluate the current literature in order to evaluate these new techniques and thus, provide optimal care for their patients and use health care resources wisely.
  • Participation in EBRS is free to all members of CAGS and the ACS. EBRS is a practical, straightforward way for busy surgeons to learn critical appraisal skills and increase their clinical knowledge on their own time but in an interactive way.
  • EBRS provides an opportunity for you to discuss common surgical problems with colleagues across Canada and the United States including experts in the field
  • EBRS has been shown to be an effective way of teaching critical appraisal skills to practicing general surgeons.
  • Participants have provided positive feedback and found EBRS to be interesting, useful and fun!
  • EBRS allows access to approximately 10 on line journals including: Annals of Surgery, Canadian Journal of Surgery, Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Journal of American College of Surgeons (JACS), New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lancet and Surgery.
  • Participants can obtain Maintenance of Certification Credits and CME Credits

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