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Global Trauma


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Dr. Mohit Bhandari

Worldwide, trauma is the leading cause of death in the first four decades of life. For every death attributable to trauma, three patients survive but are permanently disabled. Globally, the majority of trauma results from road traffic accidents and ranks in the top 10 causes of all-cause disability. Over 90% of road traffic deaths occur in low-middle income countries (LMICs), which account for 84% of the world’s population. In alignment with the World Health Organization’s objectives for the ‘Decade of Action for Road Safety’, there is a dire need for a to identify potentially modifiable risk factors associated with major adverse outcomes in patients with musculoskeletal injuries.



The INORMUS study is a large multi-centre, international, prospective cohort study that will include 40,000 patients with musculoskeletal trauma (fractures and/or dislocations) from Africa, Asia, and Latin America.  The objective of the INORMUS study is to determine the incidence of major complications (mortality, re-operation and infection) and the factors associated with these major complications.

Principal Investigators: Dr. Mohit Bhandari, Dr. PJ Devereaux, Dr. Rebecca Ivers, and Dr. Ted Miclau

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